IEM Leadership

Bruce P. Baughman

Senior Advisor for Homeland Security and Emergency Management

For over four decades, Bruce Baughman has served in key senior-level federal and state emergency management positions during some of the largest natural and man-made disasters to ever hit the U.S. and its territories, including 16 major hurricanes, the Oklahoma City bombing, and the 9/11 terrorist attacks. He has testified before both houses of Congress on emergency management related issues more than 30 times.

Mr. Baughman currently serves as IEM’s senior consultant and subject matter expert for domestic and international companies, organizations, departments, and agencies. His projects range from supporting FEMA’s doctrine, training, and exercise efforts to supporting Department of the Interior Native American emergency management efforts. He also serves as an expert witness on the National Academy of Sciences’ climate change study for Congress and on hospital emergency management standards. Mr. Baughman provides support to the National Incident Management System and Incident Command System training, exercise, and technical assistance initiative of the U. S. Agency for International Development and the U.S. Forest Service in Southeast Asia and Haiti.

Prior to IEM, Mr. Baughman was appointed by Governor Bob Riley of Alabama to serve as the Director of the Alabama Emergency Management Agency (EMA) and Assistant Director for the Alabama Department of Homeland Security. As Director of the agency, Mr. Baughman led the state’s response to three major hurricanes—Ivan in 2004, and Dennis and Katrina in 2005–and a deadly series of tornadoes in March 2007. In response to these major hurricanes, Mr. Baughman sat on the Governor of Alabama Long Term Recovery Council. The Council coordinated the use of various federal and state programs relative to long-term recovery, including the use of U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and other agency programs. Mr. Baughman also served as Chari of the Governor’s State Hazard Mitigation Committee. In 2004, he coordinated the revision of the Alabama State Hazard Mitigation Plan. During his tenure as State Director, the Alabama EMA became accredited under the Emergency Management Accreditation Program and was ranked as one of the top emergency management programs in the country. From 2003 to 2007, he served on the Governor’s Faith Based Community Council.

Mr. Baughman held senior executive positions within FEMA, prior to his work in Alabama, including Director of the Office of National Preparedness and Director of Operations. During his tenure as Director of the Office of National Preparedness from 2001 to 2003, Mr. Baughman was responsible for providing $3.5 billion in grants to state and local governments to meet their homeland security and emergency management needs.

From 1993 to 2001, Mr. Baughman served as Director of Operations for FEMA. In this position, he directed response operations for more than 150 Presidential disaster and emergency declarations, including hurricanes, earthquakes, bombings, explosions, floods, tornadoes, and fires. In this position, he was responsible for coordinating FEMA’s Community Relations Program. Mr. Baughman also supported the National Transportation Safety Board, the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, and the U.S. Department of State (AID/Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance) in some of their emergency missions. He was responsible for developing the Federal Response Plan that was used as the basis for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) National Response Framework. He also developed FEMA’s National Emergency Response Teams, which were the forerunners for the current FEMA Incident Management Assistance Teams (IMATs), and he contributed to the creation of the National Urban Search and Rescue System. In addition, Mr. Baughman participated in planning over 25 National Security Special Events (NSSEs), such as the 1996 Summer Olympics, the 2002 Winter Olympics, World Trade Organization meetings, three Presidential Inaugurations, the G-8 Summits, and both Democratic and Republican National Conventions. During his tenure, Mr. Baughman testified before both houses of Congress on emergency management related issues more than 30 times. He retired from DHS in 2003.

Other notable accomplishments in association with FEMA include:

  • Served as Federal Coordinating Officer and State Coordinator Officer on numerous declared disasters involving the Individual Assistance (IA) program
  • Served as FEMA Regional Hazard Mitigation Officer on five disasters in FEMA Region IV
  • Headed FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Programs (1989-1992), where he coordinated the development of the HMGP regulations
  • Had oversight of the buy-out of the town of English, Indiana in 1989-1990
  • Served as Senior Public Assistance Program Officer for the FEMA PA Division at Headquarters (1983-1989)
  • Served as FEMA Region IV Public Assistance Office (1979-1983)
  • Served as the FEMA Long Term Recovery Coordinator and Field Officer Director in Mobile, AL, following Hurricane Frederic

Prior to his career with FEMA, Mr. Baughman served as the Operations Officer for the Mississippi Emergency Management Agency (MEMA) for 4 years. At MEMA, he served as Hazard Mitigation Officer and developed the first State Hazard Mitigation Plan following Hurricane Frederic. In the same year, Mr. Baughman served as State Coordinating Officer and State Public Assistance Officer for the State.

Mr. Baughman was a Captain in the U.S. Marine Corps for 4 years. He is also the former President of the National Emergency Management Association (NEMA) and recipient of numerous national awards, including:

  • A Presidential Meritorious Service Award
  • FEMA Distinguished Service Award
  • Four FEMA Meritorious Service Awards
  • National Hurricane Conference’s Neil Frank Award
  • National Hurricane Conference’s Distinguished Service Award
  • President’s Council on the Year 2000 Gold Medal
  • National Emergency Management Association’s Presidential Citation
  • National Disaster Medical System’s Outstanding Achievement Award
  • Army Corps of Engineers Distinguished Service Award
  • Marine Corps League’s Distinguished Citizen Medal
  • A Congressional Citation

Mr. Baughman holds a bachelor’s degree from Belhaven University and a master’s degree from Jackson State University. He is also a graduate of Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government’s Program for Senior Executives.

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IEM became one of the first companies to focus solely on emergency management and to use quantitative data and science to inform decisions in emergency management. Over the past 35 years, IEM has grown from a company of one to an employer of over 550 employees, and has provided clients and communities with innovative solutions that produce results and save lives.

The Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program (CSEPP) is jointly managed by FEMA and the U.S. Army. The program ensures maximum protection for the communities surrounding U.S. chemical weapons stockpile sites. Since 1993, IEM has provided program integration services to FEMA and through FEMA to the states and counties that are part of CSEPP.

In 1999, FEMA selected IEM to be the CSEPP onsite Program Management and Integration Contractor. IEM worked with program managers to develop a flexible protection framework that broke down the “maximum protection” mandate into measurable benchmarks. These benchmarks have been adopted by emergency managers in 10 states, 40 countries, and one Tribal Nation.
IEM was awarded a five-year BPA with FEMA to continue working to further CSEPP initiatives between 2000 and 2004. During this time IEM was contracted to develop a secure website to facilitate communication and information-sharing among CSEPP planners nationwide who work in different jurisdictions. The website IEM created now has over 1,000 active users who use it as their primary source of CSEPP information. IEM also developed a demonstration version of an interactive computer-based “game” designed to illustrate the effects of different protective action decisions in a CSEPP emergency to citizens in the Madison County, KY, CSEPP community.

FEMA awarded IEM a second five-year BPA from 2005-2011. IEM was asked to provide CSEPP technical and analytical studies, risk assessments, support for development of programmatic guidance and preparation of reports to Congress. IEM was required to evaluate the Oregon CSEPP community’s readiness in the event of a depot incident. IEM also assisted in the planning and execution of regular readiness exercises and supported pre-exercise meetings. IEM’s work for CSEPP has been recognized on multiple levels. In 2004, FEMA and IEM received a Profiles in Innovation Award for Emergency Preparedness and Response Excellence from GOVSEC (Government Security Expo and Conference). IEM continues to work with FEMA to increase preparedness and achieve measurable results.


QEM uses the information gathered from conducting different scenarios to calculate the risk and impact of implementing different risk-reducing strategies. It pinpoints the actions that are the most effective at reducing risk across a wide spectrum of potential events. QEM allows clients to know the best way to allocate funds and bridge gaps in preparedness without spending thousands of dollars to implement ideas that cannot work.

QEM’s methodology has been applied to hundreds of IEM projects, such as readiness assessments, chemical plant mitigation studies, protective action analyses, and hurricane evacuation planning. The U.S. Army and FEMA have repeatedly used QEM technology to assess strategies to protect citizens in case of an accidental release of chemical agents. DOD’s Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) also utilized QEM to quantify the effectiveness of various chemical defense systems. The software continues to provide valuable solutions to clients.